Online Racism

The lab conducts pioneering interdisciplinary work on conceptualizing, operationalizing, and investigating online racism and its impact on health and mental health outcomes, as well as ways to mitigate its harmful costs. The lab also conducts how exposure to online racism affects people’s anti-racist behaviors and attitudes.

  • Short-term chronic exposure to online racism and its impact on alcohol use as a risky coping behavior
  • Hate groups, hate crimes, hate crime laws, and racism
  • Latent profiles of online racism exposure among racial/ethnic minority groups
  • White anti-racism behaviors and attitudes in response to witnessing racism online
  • Racism in gaming and mental health costs
  • Anticipatory stress and social costs of online racism
  • Online racism, ethnic-racial socialization, online support seeking, and health outcomes

*denotes student co-authors

Keum, B.T., & *Hearns, M. (in press). Online Gaming and Racism: Impact on Psychological Distress Across Black, Asian, and Latinx Emerging Adults. Games and Culture

Keum, B.T., & Cano, M.A. (2021). Online Racism, Psychological Distress, and Alcohol Use among Racial Minority Women and Men: A Multi-group Mediation Analysis. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 91(4), 524–530. https://doi.org/10.1037/ort0000553

*Imperato, C., Keum, B.T., & Mancini, T. (2021). Does intercultural contact increase Anti-racist behavior on social network sites? Social Sciences, 10(6), 207. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10060207

Keum, B.T. (2021). Does Witnessing Racism Online Promote Individual and Institutional Anti-Racism Advocacy Among White Individuals? The Role of White Empathy, White Guilt, and White Fear of Other Races. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2020.0629

Keum, B.T. (2021). Development and Validation of the Perceived Online Racism Scale Short Form (15 Items) and Very Brief (Six Items). Computers in Human Behaviors Reports. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chbr.2021.100082

Keum, B.T. & *Ahn, L.H. (2021). Impact of Online Racism on Psychological Distress and Alcohol Use: Test of Ethnic-Racial Socialization and Silence about Race as Moderators. Computers in Human Behaviors. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.106773

Cano, M. A., Schwartz, S. J., MacKinnon, D. P., Keum, B.T., Prado, G., Marsiglia, F. F., Salas-Wright, C. P., Cobb, C., Garcini, L. M., De La Rosa, M., Sánchez, M., Rahman, A., Acosta, L., Roncancio, A. M., & de Dios, M. A. (2021). Exposure to ethnic discrimination in social media and symptoms of anxiety and depression among Hispanic emerging adults: Examining the moderating role of gender. Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23050

Keum, B.T. & Miller, M.J. (2018). Measurement Invariance of the Perceived Online Racism Scale across Age and Gender. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 12(3), 3. https://doi.org/10.5817/CP2018-3-3

Keum, B.T. & Miller, M.J. (2018). Racism on the Internet: Conceptualization and Recommendations for Research. Psychology of Violence, 8(6), 782 – 791. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000201 *Special issue: Racism, Anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, Privilege, and Violence: Advancing Science to Inform Practice and Policy

Keum, B.T., & Miller, M.J. (2017). Racism in Digital Era: Development and Initial Validation of the Perceived Online Racism Scale (PORS v1.0). Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64(3), 310-324. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000205

Keum, B.T. (2017). Qualitative Examination on the Influences of the Internet on Racism and its Online Manifestation. International Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning, 7(3), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJCBPL.2017070102