The ATAAQ is a measure of people’s reactions toward athlete political behavior in sport across a range of competitive levels (e.g., professional, collegiate, high school). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded a 19-item scale comprising five-factors: affective reactions (five items), perceived conflict with team (four items), athlete role (three items), lack of political qualifications/credibility (three items), and desired consequences or punishments (four items). Internal consistency estimates for the ATAAQ factors were 0.88 and above. We established initial evidence for convergent, criterion-related, and predictive validity, as ATAAQ scores were correlated in expected directions with scores on personal activism orientation, belief in a just world, and attitudes toward social justice.
Link to measure paper
Sappington, R.T., Keum, B.T., & Hoffman, M.A. (2018, August). “Ungrateful, Anti-American Degenerates”: Developing a Measure of Attitudes Toward Athlete Activism. Poster presented at the annual convention of APA, San Francisco, C.A.